TERPENES ARE A LARGE CLASS OF ORGANIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBON COMPOUNDS FOUND IN MARIJUANA.
As unbelievable as it may sound, terpenes are responsible for the smell your buds may have and psychological effects associated with them. As a result, that citrus flavor you get from your weed comes from terpenes; that sweet grape flavor also comes from terpenes. They provide protection to plants from environmental stress, insects and bacteria. They are better grown indoors. The chemical structure of terpenes is very similar to cannabinoids, they occur in the same part of the plant (the oily resinous glands). The most famous cannabis strains high in terpene are Special Kush 1, White Widow and Skunk XL. Terpenes are mostly known for its therapeutic effects on medical marijuana, it encourages analgesic responses from the ECS (Endocannabinoid System).
Now a days you can isolate specific terpenes and add them to marijuana products with little smell or taste. You can even make essential oils from terpenes. The essential oil is extracted by stem distillation or vaporization. This concentration amplifies the original strength of cannabis for therapeutic and medical effects. You
can personalize waxes, CBD oils, aromatics, lotions, ointments, creams, tinctures by adding essential terpene oil to these products. Seems like you can pretty much design and enhance any product you want with this oil or give any product a particular scent. We just have to keep in mind they are not water soluble. Terpenes mix better with cannabis extracts, oils or glycerin.
Therefore, every strain has an unique scent that comes from terpene. Myrcene is the most abundant monoterpene found in cannabis. It gives cannabis that earthly musk scent. Myrcene is also responsible for that sedating effect (couch lock) you get when smoking.
COMMON TERPENES AND SCENTS
Here is a list of the most common terpenes and their scents:
Beta-Caryophyllene: black pepper
HOW DO CANNABINOIDS AND TERPENES WORK TOGETHER?
Terpenes improve symbiosis between cannabinoids. This phenomenon/theory is called The Entourage Effect. It states the necessity of keeping the integrity of pure cannabis. What this means is that terpenes help cannabinoids pass through our bloodstream easier. Most importantly, the union of THC, terpenes, CBD and other cannabinoids help to get better medical results as a group than isolated, according to the entourage effect. Certainly, it is believed that medicinal cannabis is best experienced if it is taken as a whole instead than just cannabinoids. However, this theory lacks evidence or scientific investigation that can lead to it being true.
MEDICAL BENEFITS OF TERPENES
Potential health benefits of Terpenes include:
Anti-Bacterial (used to treat fungal and bacterial infections)
Finally, before using any medical marijuana products please consult which one is best for you and which one will benefit your ailments the most.